List of Major Studies Identified
Study Name Central Citation
AADAC Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission Evaluation Harvey-Jansen, Z. (1995). Adolescent treatment: Excellence through evaluation. Alberta, Canada: Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission.
AAIM Alcoholics Anonymous Inpatient Model Alford, G. S., Koehler, R. A., & Leonard, J. (1991). Alcoholics Anonymous-Narcotics Anonymous model inpatient treatment of chemically dependent adolescents: A two-year outcome study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 52, 118-126.
ACC Assertive Continuing Care Godley, M. D., Godley, S. H., Dennis, M. L., Funk, R., & Passetti, L. L. (2002). Preliminary outcomes from the assertive continuing care experiment for adolescents discharged from residential treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 23, 21-32.
BTOS Behavioral Therapy Outcomes Study Azrin, N. H., Donohue, B., Besalel, V. A., Kogan, E. S.,& Acierno, R. (1994). Youth drug abuse treatment: A controlled outcome study. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 3, 1-16.
CATOR CATOR Systems of New Standards, Inc. Bergman, P.E., Smith, M.B., & Hoffman, N.G. (1995).  Adolescent treatment:  Implications for assessment, practices guidelines, and outcome management.  Substance Abuse, 42(2), 453-472.
CBTvIT Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy versus Interactional Therapy Kaminer, Y., & Burleson, J. A. (1999). Psychotherapies for adolescent substance abusers: 15-month follow-up of a pilot study. American Journal on Addictions, 8, 114-119.
CBTvPET Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy versus Psychoeducational Therapy Kaminer, Y., Burleson, J. A., & Goldberger, R. (2002). Cognitive-Behavioral coping skills and Psychoeducation therapies for adolescent substance abuse. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 190, 737-745.
CTOS Canada Treatment Outcomes Study Cornwall, A., & Blood, L. (1998). Inpatient versus day treatment for substance abusing adolescents. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186, 580-582.
CvOPFT Conjoint versus One-person Family Therapy Szapoznik, J., Kurtines, W., Foote, F., Perez-Vidal, A., & Hervis, O. (1983). Conjoint versus one person family therapy: Some evidence for the effectiveness of conducting family therapy through one person. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 889-899.
CYT Cannabis Youth Treatment Study Dennis, M. L., Godley, S. H., Diamond, G., Tims, F. M., Babor, T., Donaldson, J., Liddle, H., Titus, J. C., Kaminer, Y., Webb, C. & Hamilton, N. (Under review). Main findings of the Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) randomized field experiment.
DARP Drug Abuse Reporting Program Sells, S. B., & Simpson, D. D. (1979). Evaluation of treatment outcome for youths in the Drug Abuse Reporting Program (DARP): A follow-up Study. In G. M. Beschner & A. S. Friedman (Eds.), Youth drug abuse: Problems, issues, and treatment, (pp. 571-628). Lexington, MA: DC Health.
DATOS-A Drug Abuse Treatment Outcomes Study of Adolescents Hser, Y., Grella, C. E., Hubbard, R. L., Hsieh, S., Fletcher, B. W., Brown, B. S., & Anglin, M. D. (2001). An evaluation of drug treatments for adolescents in 4 US cities. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 689-695. 
DOMS Drug Outcomes Monitoring Study Dennis, M. L., Scott, C. K., Godley, M. D., & Funk, R. (2000, June). Predicting outcomes in adult and adolescent treatment with case mix vs. level of care: Findings from the Drug Outcome Monitoring Study. Panel presentation at the College for Problems on Drug Dependence, San Juan, PR.
FDES Family Drug Education Study Joanning, H., Quinn, W., Thomas, F., & Mullen, R. (1992). Treating adolescent drug abuse: A comparison of family systems therapy, group therapy, and family drug education. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 18, 345-356.
FES Fluoxetine Effectiveness Study Cornelius, J.R., Bukstein, O.G., Birmaher, B., Salloum, I.M., Lynch, K., Pollack, N.K., Gershon, S., Clark, D. (2001). Fluoxetine in adolescents with major depression and an alcohol use disorder; an open label trial. Addictive Behaviors, 26, 735-739.
FFTvCBT Functional Family Therapy versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Waldron, H. B., Slesnick, N., Brody, J. L., Turner, C. W., & Peterson, T. R. (2001). Treatment outcomes for adolescent substance abuse at 4- and 7-month assessments. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 802-813.
FTvPG Family Therapy versus Parent Groups Friedman, A. S. (1989). Family therapy vs. parent groups: Effects on adolescent drug abusers. American Journal of Family Therapy, 17, 335-347.
FYTO  Four Year Treatment Outcomes Brown, S. A., D’Amico, E. J., & McCarthy, D. M. (2001). Four-year outcomes from adolescent alcohol and drug treatment. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62, 381-388. 
ICPSvFBT Individual-Cognitive Problem Solving v. Family-Behavior Therapy Azrin, N. H., Donohue, B., Teichner, G. A., Crum, T., Howell, J., & DeCato, L. A. (2001). A controlled evaluation and description of individual cognitive problem solving and family-behavior therapies in dually-diagnosed conduct-disordered and substance-dependent youth. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 11, 1-43.
LCT Lithium Controlled Trial Geller, B., Cooper, T. B., Kai, S., Zimmerman, B., Franzier, J., Williams, M., & Heath, J. (1998). Double-blind and placebo-controlled study of lithium for adolescent bipolar disorders with secondary substance dependency. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 171-178. 
MDFT1 Multidimensional Family Therapy Study 1 Liddle, H. A., Dakof, G. A., Parker, K., Diamond, G. S., Barrett, K., & Tejeda, M. (2001). Multidimensional family therapy for adolescent drug abuse: Results of a randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 27, 651-688.
MDFT2 Multidimensional Family Therapy Study 2 Dakof, G. A., Tejeda, M., & Liddle, H. A. (2001). Predictors of engagement in adolescent drug abuse treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 274-281.
MMS Minnesota Model Study Winters, K. C., Stinchfield, R. D., Opland, E., Weller, C., & Latimer, W. W. (2000). The effectiveness of the Minnesota Model approach in the treatment of adolescent drug abusers. Addiction, 95, 601-612.
MST1 Multisystemic Therapy Study 1 Henggeler, S. W., Borduin, C. M., Melton, G. B., Mann, B. J., Smith, L. A., Hall, J. A., Cone, L., & Fucci, B. R. (1991). Effects of multisystemic therapy on drug use and abuse in serious juvenile offenders: A progress report from two outcome studies. Family Dynamics of Addiction Quarterly, 1, 40-51.  
MST2 Multisystemic Therapy Study 2 Henggeler, S. W., Clingempeel, W. G., Brondino, M. J., & Pickrel, S. G. (2002). Four-year follow-up of Multisystemic therapy with substance-abusing and substance-dependent juvenile offenders. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 868-874. 
NTIES National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study Gerstein, D. R., & Johnson, R. A.. (1999). Adolescents and young adults in the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Department of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2000). Adolescents and young adults in treatment. Available:
PBFTvTIPS Purdue Brief Family Therapy v. Training in Parenting Skills Lewis, R. A., Piercy, F. P., Sprenkle, D. H., & Trepper, T.S. (1990). Family-based interventions for helping drug-abusing adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 50, 82-95.
PSUD Psychoactive Substance Use Disorder Spooner, C., Mattick, R. P., & Noffs, W. (2001). Outcomes of a comprehensive treatment program for adolescents with a substance-use disorder. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 20, 205-213.
SCT Sertraline Controlled Trial Deas, D., Randall, C. L., Roberts, J. S., & Anton, R. F. (2000). A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sertraline in depressed adolescent alcoholics: A pilot study. Human Psychopharmacology, 15, 461-469.
SFPS San Francisco Project Study Amini, F., Zilberg, N. J., Burke, E. L., & Salasnek, S. (1982). A controlled study of inpatient versus outpatient drug abusing adolescents: One year results. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 23, 436-444.
SROS Services Research Outcomes Study Office of Applied Studies (OAS). (1995). [On line]. Services Research Outcomes Study (SROS). Rockville, MD: SAMHSA. Available:
SSSE Strategic Structural Systems Approach v. Engagement as Usual Szapocznik, J., Perez-Vidal, A., Brickman, A. L., Foote, F. H., Santisteban, D., Hervis, O, & Kurtines, W. M. (1988). Engaging adolescent drug abusers and their families in treatment: A strategic structural systems approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 552-557.
TCA Therapeutic Communities for Adolescents Jainchill, N., Hawke, J., DeLeon, G., & Yagelka, J. (2000). Adolescents in Therapeutic Communities: One-year posttreatment outcomes. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 32, 81-94. 
TOPS Treatment Outcome Prospective Study Hubbard, R. L., Cavanaugh, E. R., Craddock, S. G., & Rachal, J. V. (1985). Characteristics, behaviors and outcomes for youth in the TOPS. In A. S. Friedman & G. M. Beschner (Eds.), Treatment services for adolescent substance abusers (pp. 49-65). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.